When they hear the term Hartz, most people think of unemployment benefit II, which was introduced in 2005, and not of the man behind it, Peter Hartz. He headed the so-called Hartz Commission set up by Gerhard Schroder to develop the Hartz IV reforms. "My name still polarizes," says the now 80-year-old in an interview with the "Borse Online" portal. In the meantime, he has become accustomed to it, but still prefers to use the correct term "unemployment benefit II" in conversations.
Low standard rate "did not correspond at all to the intention"
However, the former VW board member for human resources is critical of the fact that he frequently Rule sets is being held accountable. Here he is being "unjustly beaten," Hartz said in the interview. Because originally its commission would have suggested a standard rate of 511 euro, in the legislation became it then however only 345 euro. This difference "did not correspond to our intention at all," he told "Borse Online".
He sees the Merkel government as the main culprit. The Federal government would have "gratefully adopted the reform and benefited politically from it over the years," but there would have been no further development of unemployment benefit II. At the same time, Hartz said, the major parties should actually do everything they can "to prevent people from falling into long-term unemployment.".
Hartz: "Reforms have been a great success"
Also the negative picture of Hartz IV criticizes the name giver of the reform. That is a "distorted picture", he explained in the interview. Especially around the sanctions, "which are imposed on the long-term unemployed if they do not follow the rules", a "huge political hullabaloo would be organized". In fact, however, only three percent of the Long-term unemployed concerned at all. He defended the sanctions themselves: "If there is no sanction mechanism, it leads to inefficiency."
Also the Hartz IV reform he still considers it sensible. The goal had been to solve the unemployment problem. "And the bottom line is that the reforms have achieved this to a good extent and have become a great success," Hartz said. (csr)